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This issue of "Archeologia Postmedievale”Opens with the essay Combattere a Leptis Magna: archeology of the Libyan War II. New archaeological surveys (2013) and archive research, by Massimiliano Munzi, Fabrizio Felici and Andrea Zocchi. This contribution from Conflict Archeology leads us to read the results of a new research campaign, carried out in 2013 in a deeply modified Libya after, in October 2011 and in the context of bitter civil war, Muammar Gaddafi was captured and killed. Before the new serious emergency, represented by the advance of ISIS in northern Libya, the taking of Sirte which for a short period became the capital of the Islamic State (2015-2016), the subsequent clashes in Benghazi and Derna, the pause of the state of warfare that occurred in Libya in 2013 allowed the authors to resume research, targeting them on specific issues, such as the Italian defense forts of Khoms, an important strategic center in the Italian conquest of Libya (1911-1912), with the study of battlefields of the Italo-Turkish conflict and with an important increase that has led to 454 documented sites. The essay by Roberto Sconfienza represents an important study on the military architecture of the Duchy of Savoy in the sixteenth century, the Renaissance fortifications and the construction techniques of the bastion structure, with the case study of Chivasso and the Bastione di Santa Chiara. Innovative data on the agricultural landscape and on nutrition come from the historic center of Corato (Bari), where the filling of a silos, rich in archaeobotanical remains, was the subject of an interdisciplinary study, led by Girolamo Fiorentino for the bioarchaeological part, based on of a sampling of almost 5000 plant macrorests Finally, an unprecedented and innovative contribution from Ethnoarchaeology is dedicated to the high altitude Sherpa villages (between 4000 and 5000 m) in the north of Nepal, now abandoned for decades due to the worsening of the climatic conditions which occurred in the XNUMXs and XNUMXs and which did not more allowed at these altitudes the practice of mountain pastures, as traditionally happened. The survey is located in an undoubtedly extreme area of the planet, considered "wild", at the center of international multidisciplinary projects and significantly broadens the geographical and temporal perspective of abandoned villages, giving oral sources a central position in the interpretative system, between ethnoarchaeology and cultural anthropology.