Archeologia delle attività estrattive e metallurgiche. V Ciclo di Lezioni sulla Ricerca applicata in Archeologia (Certosa di Pontignano, SI-Campiglia Marittima, LI 1991)


Author: Riccardo Francovich (Editor)
Year of printing: 1993
ISBN: 9788878140325


Texts by Hans-Gert Bachmann, Marie-Christine Bailly-Maitre, Paul Benoit, Marco Benvenuti, Jean-Claude Bessac, Philippe Braunstein, Andreas Brunn, Paul Terence Craddock, Claude Domergue, J. Clayton Fant, Nicolas Florsch, Pierre Fluck, Philippe Fluzin, Norman Herz, Isabella Mascaro, Hasso Moesta, David Peacock, Francis Pierre, Radomir Pleiner, Peter Rockwell, Zofia Stos-Gale, Giuseppe Tanelli, Lynn Willies, Manuela Wurch Kozelj, Ulrich Zimmermann.

The seminar was dedicated to the archeology of mining activities for lithic materials and minarals of different metals: iron, copper, lead and silver. During the first week of studies, held in the Certosa di Pontignano, the processes subsequent to extraction were mainly examined: refining, the preparation of semi-finished products, the marketing of artifacts. During the second week, the seminar moved to Rocca San Silvestro precisely to identify those structures on site, located both inside and outside the walls, which allowed the realization of the various metallurgical processes on minerals coming from the metaliferous area of Campiglia Marittima. The two areas, which represent a typical example of complementarity of the mining-metallurgical process, still highlight the basic structures of that activity that was able to determine the economic and social order of those populations throughout the Middle Ages. The presence of experts on the subject, coming from many regions of Europe, has allowed the comparison of various experiences in the field of mines and on archeometallurgy, highlighting certain highly innovative characters capable of defining research directions hitherto neglected by the scholars of our universities .

V Cycle of Lessons on Applied Research in Archeology (Certosa di Pontignano, SI-Campiglia Marittima, LI 1991)


Sezione I. Materiale litigo: materie prime, tecniche di estrazione, circolazione del materiale, tecniche di lavorazione

  • N. Herz, White marbles of the ancient Greeks and Romans: geology, sources and determination of provenance; D. Peacock, Mons Claudianus and the problem of the ‘granito del foro’
  • J.C. Fant, The Roman imperial marble trade: a distribution model
  • T. Kozelj, M. Wurch Kozelj, Les transports dans l’Antiquité
  • J.-C. Bessac, traces d’outils sur la pierre: problématique, me’ thodes d’e’tudes et interpretion
  • P. Rockwell, Tools in ancient marble sculpture

Sezione II. Problemi di metodo e definizione disciplinare dell’archeologia mineraria

  • P. Fluck, P. Fluzin, N. Florsch, L’archéologie minière dans ses rapports avec les sciences exactes
  • M.-C. Bailly-Maitre, Les méthodes de l’archéologie miniere
  • G. Tanelli, M. Benvenuti, I. Mascaro, Aspetti giacimentologici dei minerali estratti in età preindustriale
  • P. Braunstein, Gli statuti minerari nel medioevo europeo

Sezione III. Le tecniche dell’estrazione

  • P.T. Craddock, The inception of extractive metallurgy in Western Europe
  • C. Domergue, Regard sur les techniques minières à l’epoque romaine
  • M.C. Bailly-Maitre, Les mines médiévales et modernes. Aspects techniques
  • P. Fluck, P. Benoit, Les techniques minières a l’epoque moderne (de la renaissance au XVIIIe siècle. Approche par l’archeologie
  • F. Pierre, Étude de l’apparition de la poudre noire dans l’evolution des techniques minières de percement

Sezione IV. Casi e progetti di ricerca dell’archeologia mineraria

  • M.C. Bailly-Maitrela mine d’argent des dauphins XIIIe-XIVe siècles. Brandes-enoisans (huez-isère)
  • U. Zimmermann, Early minino and metallurgy in Southwest-Germany (Black Forest)

Sezione V. Le attività metallurgiche

  • H.-G. Bachmann The Archaeometallurgy of Silver; L. Willies, Development of lead smelting techniques
  • H. Moesta, Daten zur Rekonstruktion der Arbeitsweise alter Kupfer Hhütten
  • R. Pleiner, The technology of iron making in the bloomery period. A brief survey or the archaeological evidence

Sezione VI. Aspetti tecnologici, analisi di laboratorio, archeologia sperimentale

  • H.G. Bachmann, The identification of slags from archaeological sites
  • Z. Stos-Gale, Isotopic analyses or ores, slags and artefacts: the contribution to archaeometallurgy
  • A. Brunn, Experiments on copper-smelting at Rocca San Silvestro.

Additional information

Weight :1,358 kg
Dimensions:24x17x3,2 cm

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