Archeologia e storia della Val di Chiana. Architetture e insediamenti tra XII e XIV secolo nella Toscana Orientale


Author: Fabio Giovannini
Year of printing: 2022
ISBN: 9788892851311
e-ISBN: 9788892851320


This volume is part of the ERC Petrifying Wealth project. The Southern European Shift to Masonry as Collective Investment in Identity, c.1050-1300, which investigates the reasons and the different meanings that during the central centuries of the Middle Ages determined the progressive return to a building in durable quality materials in Mediterranean Europe. The volume, a further element of comparison and reflection on the subject of petrification and beyond, presents the results of archaeological investigations conducted for over a decade on a portion of the Val di Chiana in Arezzo, roughly corresponding to the municipalities of Castiglion Fiorentino, Lucignano and Foiano della Chiana.
Starting from the fundamental excavation activities carried out in the castle of Montecchio Vesponi, then through the historical reconstruction of the surrounding landscapes and the stratigraphic analysis of the surviving medieval architectures, an attempt was made to understand what were the dynamics of the formation of the rural population and development of power structures in the period between the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries. On the basis of the collected data, we wondered what was the development of the settlement network of the territory considered, how the inhabited centers were formed and transformed, what was their relationship with the main communication routes and with the closest territories , how the relationship between man and the environment has changed over the centuries. Finally, an attempt has been made to contextualize the results obtained within the main historiographical themes such as the development of castles, the petrification of inhabited centres, the forms of representation of power, economic growth and the effects of the fourteenth century conjuncture.


Presentazione, di Alessandra Molinari

I. Il territorio della Val di Chiana

  • I.1 Il contesto geomorfologico
  • I.1.1 La Val di Chiana e la palude
  • I.1.2 La viabilità post antica

II. La metodologia

  • II.1 L’archeologia del territorio
  • II.1.1 Elaborazione della piattaforma GIS e realizzazione della banca dati
  • II.1.2 La raccolta e il processamento dei dati
  • II.2 Le architetture degli insediamenti
  • II.2.1 Il censimento dell’edilizia storica

III. L’indagine archeologica: l’analisi delle architetture civili

  • III.1 Settore est: il territorio castiglionese
  • III.1.1 La geomorfologia del territorio castiglionese
  • III.1.2 L’analisi del territorio: localizzazione e morfologia degli impianti insediativi
  • III.1.2.1 Castiglion Fiorentino
  • III.1.2.2 Montecchio Vesponi
  • III.1.2.3 Mammi
  • III.1.2.4 Rocca Montanina
  • III.1.2.5 Tuori
  • III.1.2.6 Insediamenti ed assenza di tracce materiali
  • III.2 Settore ovest: il territorio collinare occidentale
  • III.2.1 La geomorfologia del territorio foianese e lucignanese
  • III.2.2 L’analisi del territorio: localizzazione e morfologia degli impianti insediativi
  • III.2.2.1 Lucignano

IV. Le tecniche e le tipologie delle architetture: modi di costruire in Val di Chiana nel Medioevo

  • IV.1 Cronotipologia delle tecniche costruttive
  • IV.2 Cronotipologia dell’edilizia abitativa
  • IV.3 Cronotipologia delle aperture: analisi degli elementi architettonici

V. Architetture civili e insediamenti in Val di Chiana nel Medioevo: sintesi dei dati e considerazioni conclusive

  • V.1 Il XII secolo, la pietrificazione per il controllo del territorio
  • V.2 Il XIII secolo, l’urbanizzazione dei castelli e la pietrificazione delle comunità
  • V.3 Il processo di pietrificazione verso la congiuntura del Trecento


Additional information

Weight :1,150 kg
Dimensions:29x21x1,8 cm

Number and series

34, Biblioteca di Archeologia Medievale

Place of printing

Sesto Fiorentino (FI)

Year of printing






illustrations in black and white and color







Italian taste

Open Access

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under license Creative Commons Attribution - Non commercial - No derivative works 4.0 International.