Volume XLIX (2022), dedicated to the recently deceased Lea Frosini Ariani, is divided, as usual, into three sections, Essays, News of excavations and field work and Notes and Discussions. The first of the three essays, by R. Meneghini, is a synthesis on the Imperial Forums of Rome in the Middle Ages after thirty-five years of archeology, the second, by R. Hodges, discusses the epigraphy and topography of Montecassino in the early Middle Ages in the light of a recent publication while the third, by C. La Rocca and G. Zornetta, critically analyzes the interpretation of funerary practices in the duchy of Benevento between the sixth and seventh centuries. The second section also contains three contributions. The first, by L. Dallai, is a summary of the supply of iron ore on Elba and on the Tuscan coast in the Middle Ages, the second, by Marco Muresu, presents itself as an original reinterpretation of Sardinia in the Byzantine era through some case studies and the third, by Sonja Villar Manas, is a summary of the evolution of settlement in the Middle Ages in the territory of Jean (subsection News from the Mediterranean Basin). The three contributions of the third section are divided between a text by A. Fralliciardi, on armored armaments in southern Italy in the late Middle Ages, a second by M. Giachetto, on the technical evolution of woolen stretchers in the Middle Ages while the last one, by L. Pugliese and A. Leopardi, deals with the fortifications of Verona through some material examples. The Reviews and Reports section concludes the volume.