Con gli occhi del pellegrino. Il borgo di San Genesio: archeologia lungo la via Francigena


Author: Federico Cantini (Editor)
Year of printing: 2007
ISBN: 9788878143654



The site where the village of San Genesio developed has always been particular for its role as a crossroads, a road junction: in Roman times the Via Quintia had to pass through, which from Pisa reached Florence, while the Arno and the Arno flowed not far away. 'Elsa, other important communication routes; from the early Middle Ages the Via Francigena was added (fig. 1). Starting from this peculiarity, we have decided to illustrate the transformations of the site, as they emerged from the archaeological excavations conducted between 2001 and 2007, in a less usual form, a little unprecedented, not direct, but mediated: the various phases of attendance will be described, from time to time, from age to age, through the eyes of different figures of pilgrims, those who actually or probably could have passed through this crossroads. The text of the catalog is then accompanied by a series of boxes where some specific themes are explored, ranging from burials, to coinage, from nutrition to play. Since our history begins in the fifth century, we must turn to pilgrim figures to begin our story
less known, at least to the general public: those who began to travel along the roads leading to Jerusalem or to other holy places, shortly after the opening to Christianity of Emperor Constantine, the same who restored the city of Jerusalem, building two basilicas in memory of the passion and resurrection of Christ, he erected the basilica of the Nativity in Bethlehem and granted a rich donation to Pope Sylvester to build the Lateran basilica, today St. John, in Rome. The pilgrims who began to set out in late antiquity, of which we remember in written sources, were not those depicted in medieval frescoes dressed in a few rags, with a large hat on their heads and a stick in their hands. The ancient texts instead speak to us of aristocratic figures, mostly women. Here then we meet Elena, the mother of Emperor Constantine, whose name is even linked to the rediscovery of the relics of the Holy Cross, Eutropia, mother of the Empress Fausta, the rich Poemenia and the Roman aristocrats Melania Seniore and Paola who founded monasteries in Holy Land. Starting from the data that actually emerged from the excavation, by describing the imaginary journey of these pilgrims we decided to illustrate the history and characteristics of the village of San Genesio. So let's start our story, starting right from the rich and aristocratic pilgrims of the late antique period.


Prefazione (Raffaella Grana, Assessore alla cultura e al sapere)
Introduzione (Federico Cantini)

Una sosta lungo la via Quintia alla fine dell’Impero romano (prima metà VI secolo) (Federico Cantini) 
1. Le sepolture di VI secolo (Serena Viva)

Passando per un villaggio di età longobarda: vicus Wallari (Federico Cantini) 
2. Le sepolture di VII secolo (Serena Viva)
3. La lavorazione dei metalli (Silvia Serugeri)
4. La produzione di ceramiche (Federico Cantini)
Da Orléans a San Genesio: una visita alla nuova pieve (Federico Cantini)
5. Un’offerta preziosa: il denaro carolingio (Cristina Cicali)
6. Le sepolture altomedievali (Serena Viva)

Il potere delle reliquie: monumentalizzazione del complesso religioso e sviluppo del borgo di San Genesio (Federico Cantini)
7. Illuminare la chiesa (Marja Mendera)
8. Costruire e decorare con la pietra (Riccardo Belcari)
9. I dipinti murali della cripta (Silvia Colucci)
10. Decorare la chiesa: i bacini ceramici (Federico Cantini)
11. A tavola nel borgo (Silvia Buonincontri)
12. Le tracce di cibo sui pavimenti (Alessandra Pecci, Fernanda Inserra)
13. Bicchieri e bottiglie sulla tavola (Marja Mendera) .
14. Il vasellame da cucina e da tavola (Jacopo Bruttini, Beatrice Fatighenti)
15. Giocare in taverna (Riccardo Belcari)
16. Pagare alla taverna (Cristina Cicali)
17. Le sepolture bassomedievali (Serena Viva)
18. Il paesaggio forestale e la scelta del legno (Mauro Buonincontri)
19. Vita, morte e malattie: lo studio antropologico (Gino Fornaciari, Doriana Boschelli, Angelica Vitiello)

Anno 1248: “Via Lucca dalle nostre terre!” La distruzione del borgo di San Genesio (Federico Cantini) 
20. Tracce dell’uso dell’area dopo la distruzione del borgo (Silvia Buonincontri, Silvia Serugeri)
21. Alcune monete da San Genesio… (Cristina Cicali)


Additional information

Weight :0,150 kg
Dimensions:20x20x0,5 cm

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illustrations in black and white and color





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