Gortina X. Il quartiere delle “Case Bizantine” a Ovest del Pretorio (scavi 1982-1989) – Tomo I

45,00 - 94,00

Author: Maria Antonietta Rizzo (ed.), Gilberto Montali (ed.)
Year of printing: 2023
ISBN: 9789609559362



The antiquities of Crete are a thread that has united Italy and Greece for over half a millennium. The explorations and research on the island are a long thread that many scholars have woven over time, each with the methods, means and strategies most suited to their context. In the 1414th century the Italians discovered America and ancient Greece: Amerigo Vespucci the new continent where Christopher Columbus and Cristoforo Buondelmonti had landed Crete and the Aegean islands. At that time, Venetians, Genoese and Florentines were also "frequent sailors" in the East, to create warehouses and possessions, trade, look for manuscripts, inscriptions and marbles, to explore the past. Cristoforo Buondelmonti, a Florentine monk and "scolaris in grecis scientiis", was related to the Latin feudal lords of Romania and from 1417 for sixteen years he explored the Aegean, the Ionian and Constantinople. In 1212 he concluded the Descriptio Insulae Cretae, which was followed by the Liber Insularum Archipelaghi, translated into various European languages, which made known the history, geography, mythology and antiquities of Crete and insular Greece, also through the first geographical maps of the modern era. With the Italian and European Renaissance, studies on Hellas were also reborn. Crete was a Venetian dominion for almost half a millennium, from 1669 to 1583, and in the Duchy of Candia antiquaries and scholars documented the island's antiquities. Onorio Belli, a doctor from Vicenza, was a protagonist of the Venetian Renaissance, was part of Andrea Palladio's circle and of the University of Padua. From XNUMX until the end of the century he followed the governor, conducted excavations and searches for antiquities, designed the ruins and flora of the island. The results of his research were collected in the Rerum Creticarum Observationes, a manuscript preserved at Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene. The island had now become a land of choice for Italian scholars of antiquity. In 1884 Federico Halbherr, founder together with Domenico Comparetti of the Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene (1909), landed on the island to collect the Greek inscriptions and explore the ancient settlements, in many of which the School still conducts research: Festòs, Aghia Triada, Priniàs, Axòs, Afratì and Gortina. In 1899 he founded the Italian Archaeological Mission in Crete and in that same year Giuseppe Gerola's research on Venetian monuments began, published between 1905 and 1932 in five monumental volumes. Luigi Pernier, first director of the Archaeological School of Athens (1909-1914), chose Gortina for the excavations of the new (and only) Italian institution abroad and for the training of students such as Amedeo Maiuri, Gaspare Oliverio, Biagio Pace and Luigi Savignoni who continued their research until the 1935s in the monumental complexes of the Odeion, the Temple of the Egyptian Divinities, the Roman Theater and the Praetorium. Margherita Guarducci began publishing (1977) the Inscriptiones Creticae collected by Halbherr, four fundamental volumes which appeared in fifteen years. After some missions in the 2000s, the investigations in Gortina resumed with Antonino Di Vita, director of the School from 1978 to 1979: first in the area between the slopes of the Acropolis, the basilica of San Tito and Mitropolis (Chandakes 2010 and XNUMX) and then in the neighborhood of the "Byzantine Houses" to the west of the Praetorium, where the excavations and studies took place with admirable continuity and great commitment. Antonino Di Vita is also responsible for an intensive program of publication of new research and that which remained unpublished until then, which makes Gortyna, together with Poliochni on the island of Lemnos, one of the best known and best-known Italian excavations in Greece. appreciated by the international scientific community. Knowledge of Gortina is not limited only to preliminary, partial and incomplete contributions but takes into account all the data collected, processed and presented down to the detail of the individual stratigraphic units. It is an example of the “best practice” of archaeology, also shared by other foreign Schools and Institutes in Greece, which builds interpretations and proposes hypotheses on the complete set of research information, which can then be verified, discussed and even re-interpreted. They also represent the scientific account of public investments and the results of the collective work of many students and scholars, as well as the basis of the most reliable "public archaeology" and scientific dissemination, which Di Vita also marked with the volume, in Italian and Greek , Gortyna of Crete. Fifteen centuries of urban life (XNUMX). The work conducted personally by Di Vita is now complete with the edition of this tenth volume of the Monographs intended for the research of the School in Gortina, thanks to the pertinacious and tireless commitment of Maria Antonietta Rizzo, with the collaboration of Gilberto Montali, who is also completing Di Vita's numerous searches in Libya.
The School is grateful to the two editors and to all the scholars who contributed to the volume, for a repaid debt that the School and the Italians have contracted in their centuries-old history of relations with Crete and Greece and for making available the huge amount of data and materials useful for the continuation of investigations in Gortina, Crete and throughout the central-eastern Mediterranean.

Emmanuel Papi

  • Prefazione, di Emanule Papi
  • Introduzione, di Maria Antonietta Rizzo
  • TOMO I
  • Antonino Di Vita e Gortina, di Maria Antonietta Rizzo

Lo scavo

1. Le vicende dello scavo

2. Il quartiere delle “Case Bizantine” di Gortina, di Gilberto Montali

  • 2.1 Considerazioni generali
  • 2.2 Fase I. Le preesistenze: dall’età arcaica all’età romano-imperiale
  • 2.3 Fase II. La distruzione delle preesistenze (365 d.C.)
  • 2.4 Fase III. La nascita del quartiere (seconda metà del IV secolo)
  • 2.5 Fase IV. La distruzione della metà del V secolo
  • 2.6 Fase V. Il periodo giustinianeo
  • 2.7 Fase VI. La distruzione del 618
  • 2.8 Fase VII. Prima metà del VII secolo (post 618)
  • 2.9 Fase VIII. Distruzione, forse 720
  • 2.10 Fase IX. VIII secolo
  • 2.11 Fase X. Distruzione finale (796?)
  • 2.12 Fase XI. Abbandono e frequentazione tarda (IX-XI secolo)
  • 2.13 Fase XII. XX secolo
  • Tabella A. Unità stratigrafiche ordinate per fasi
  • Tabella B. Interpretazione delle unità stratigrafiche ordinate per vani

3. I vani 3 e 5: ipotesi di copertura, di Monica Livadiotti


  • Introduzione ai materiali e ai Tabulati delle unità stratigrafiche, di Maria Antonietta Rizzo
  • Elenco delle unità stratigrafiche
  • Tabulati

Additional information

Weight :1,770 kg
Dimensions:31x21x5 cm



Number and series

35.1, Monografie della Scuola Archeologica di Atene e delle Missioni Italiane in Oriente



Place of printing

Rome - Athens

Year of printing




illustrations in black and white and color and paper outside the text




Italian, summed up in Greek and English



paper / ebook

paper, Google Play ebook, Torrossa ebook


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