I paesaggi dell’allume Archeologia della produzione ed economia di rete / Alum landscapes Archaeology of production and network economy

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Author: Luisa Dallai (edited by), Giovanna Bianchi (edited by), Francesca Romana Stasolla (edited by)
Year of printing: 2020
ISBN: 9788878149892
e-ISBN: 9788878149908

Description

Alum is an extremely versatile and precious raw material, used since classical times in alchemy, pharmacy, in leather tanning and in various fields of metallurgy. Since the Middle Ages, the best known use of alum obtained from alunite processing has been linked to dyeing; it is in fact an excellent mordant, and even today artisan dyes make extensive use of it. In spite of the importance that the study of this raw material has from the point of view of the history of technology and more generally of material culture, archeology to date has dealt little with the production of alum, in particular for the medieval and modern. In recent years, however, the realization of new archaeological research conducted by the universities of Rome-La Sapienza and Siena on two important production areas in central Italy, central southern Tuscany (the territory of the Metalliferous Hills) and upper Lazio (the mountains della Tolfa), has made it possible to acquire important data, which call for a renewed dialogue between historical disciplines. The topic also fits fully into the lines of research promoted by the project ERC Advanced nEUMed: Origins of a new economic union (7th-12th centuries): resources, landscapes and political strategies in a Mediterranean region, thanks to which since 2015 the coastal valleys and inland areas of the Metalliferous Hills have experienced an intense season of multidisciplinary investigations. The comparison between these study contexts and the main supply areas of the Mediterranean basin (southern Italy, Turkey, Greece, Spain) allows to draw up an initial assessment of the research, and to identify common research paths and methodologies to deepen methods of production, trade networks, resource control dynamics between the Middle Ages and the Modern Age.

Alum is an extremely versatile and precious raw material, used since classical times in alchemy, pharmacy, leather tanning and in various fields of metallurgy. Since the Middle Ages, the best known use of alum obtained from the processing of alunite has been linked to dyeing; it is in fact an excellent mordant, and even today, artisan dyestuffs make extensive use of it. Despite the importance that the study of this raw material has for the history of technology and more in general, for material culture, archeology to date has dealt little with the production of alum, particularly for the medieval and modern era. In recent years, however, new archaeological research conducted by the universities of Roma-La Sapienza and Siena on two important production areas in central Italy (the Colline Metallifere district in southern Tuscany and the Tolfa mountains in upper Latium), has made it possible to acquire important data, which call for a renewed dialogue between historical disciplines. The topic is also fully in line with the research promoted by the ERC Advanced project nEUMed: Origins of a new economic union (7th-12th centuries): resources, landscapes and political strategies in a Mediterranean region, thanks to which since 2015 the coastal valleys and inland areas of Colline Metallifere have experienced an intense season of multidisciplinary investigations. The comparison between these study contexts and the main supply areas of the Mediterranean basin (southern Italy, Turkey, Greece, Spain) allows to draw a first balance of the research, and to identify common investigation paths and methodologies to deepen production methods, trade networks , strategies of resource control between the Middle Ages and the Modern Era.

Contents

Introduzione al tema / Introduction

  • Giovanna Bianchi, Luisa Dallai, Francesca Romana Stasolla, Studiare l’allume ed il suo paesaggio: domande, strumenti ed obiettivi di una ricerca complessa
    Studying alum and its landscape: open questions, tools and objectives of a complex research
  • Didier Boisseuil, L’alun à la fin du Moyen Âge: nouvelles approches, nouvelles perspectives. Le GdRI EMAE
    Alum at the end of the Middle Ages: new approaches, new perspectives. The GdRI EMAE

Risorse e ambiente / Natural resources and environment

  • Maria Di Nezza, Michele Di Filippo, Coltivazione e circolazione dell’alunite nel bacino del Mediterraneo dall’Epoca Antica all’inizio del ’900 da “indicatori geologici”
    Exploitation and circulation of alunite in the Mediterranean basin since Antiquity until the beginning of the 20th century through “geological indicators”
  • Alessandro Donati, Vanessa Volpi, Luisa Dallai, La mappatura chimica dei contesti di produzione dell’allume
    Chemical mapping of alum production contexts

L’allume laziale / The latium alum landscape

  • Francesca Romana Stasolla, Le allumiere dei Monti della Tolfa tra archeologia ed economia di indotto
    The allumiere of the Tolfa district: archaeology and economical network
  • Fabrizio Vallelonga, L’insediamento della Bianca, il primo villaggio dei cavatori?
    The settlement of La Bianca, the first village of miners?
  • Marica Baldoni, Marianna D’Amico, Giovanni Arcudi, Cristina Martínez-Labarga, I minatori dell’allume: la struttura della popolazione alla luce delle analisi antropologiche
    Alum miners: population structure in the light of anthropological analysis
  • Chiara Carloni, Giulia Doronzo, Modalità di estrazione e tracce di lavorazione dell’allume sui Monti della Tolfa
    Alum: methods of extraction and traces of processing in the Tolfa mountains
  • Beatrice Casocavallo, Circolazione delle ceramiche nei territori dell’allume tolfetano
    Circulation of pottery in the territories of the Tolfa alum district
  • Giuseppe Romagnoli, L’“allume di Ferento” e il “vetriolo di Viterbo”: continuità di una produzione tra Medioevo ed Età Moderna
    The “alum from Ferento” and the “vitriol from Viterbo”. Continuity of a production between the Middle Ages and the Modern Era
  • Andrea Zifferero, Archeologia delle miniere e dell’industria sui Monti della Tolfa (Roma): conoscenze storiche, criticità e prospettive di valorizzazione
    Archaeology of mines and production in the Tolfa mountains (Rome): historical knowledge, issues and opportunities of valorization
  • Eleonora Romanò, Fabiana Susini, Allume: attestazioni tecniche del termine e sue derivazioni linguistiche nelle fonti letterarie dall’Età Romana all’Età Moderna
    Alum: technical references and linguistic derivations of the term in literary sources from the Roman to the Modern Age

Il contesto toscano / The Tuscan alum landscape

  • Luisa Dallai, Lo scavo dell’Allumiera di Monteleo. Nuovi dati per la produzione dell’allume alunitico nel tardo Medioevo
    The excavation of the Allumiera di Monteleo. New archaeological data for the production of alum in the Late Middle Ages
  • Vanessa Volpi, Laura Chiarantini, Archeometria dell’allume: cicli produttivi a confronto fra il sito di Monteleo e gli altri contesti produttivi delle Colline Metallifere
    Archaeometry of alum: a comparative analysis of the production cycles in the site of Monteleo and in other production contexts of the Colline Metallifere
  • Giulio Poggi, Mirko Buono, Lo studio di un contesto produttivo attraverso la quantificazione della produzione: il caso dell’Allumiera di Monteleo (Monterotondo Marittimo, GR)
    The study of a productive context through production quantification: the site of the Allumiera di Monteleo (Monterotondo Marittimo, GR)
  • Elisabetta Ponta, Cultura materiale e contesti topografici. L’Allumiera di Monteleo (Monterotondo Marittimo, GR): studio dei reperti ceramici e confronto con il territorio
    Material culture and topographical contexts in the territory of the Allumiera di Monteleo (Monterotondo Marittimo, GR): analysis of pottery finds and comparison with the territory
  • Giovanna Bianchi, Paolo Tomei, Risorse e contesti insediativi nelle Colline Metallifere altomedievali: il possibile ruolo dell’allume
    Natural resources and settlement contexts in the Early Medieval Colline Metallifere: the possible role of alum
  • Lorna Anguilano, Vittorio Fronza, Vasco La Salvia, Alessandra Nardini, Paesaggi minerari altomedievali dell’Alta Val di Merse. Il caso di Miranduolo (Chiusdino, SI)
    Early Medieval mining landscapes of Alta Val di Merse. The case of Miranduolo (Chiusdino, SI)

L’allume mediterraneo / The Mediterranean alum context

  • Çiğdem Özkan Aygün, The flesh eating stone: alum mining and trade in Asia Minor
    La pietra che divora la carne: estrazione e commercio di allume in Asia Minore
  • María Martínez Alcalde, El patrimonio cultural del alumbre en España. Las referencias de Mazarrón
    The cultural heritage of alum in Spain. The testimonies of Mazarrón
  • Ioanna P. Arvanitidou, Alum Mines in Medieval Greece
    Le miniere di allume nella Grecia medievale
  • Stefania Fineschi, La produzione di allume nell’Italia meridionale. I casi di Agnano – Ischia (NA) e Lipari-Roccalumera (ME)
    The production of alum in southern Italy. The examples of Agnano – Ischia (Naples) and Lipari-Roccalumera (Messina)

Additional information

Weight :0,875 kg
Dimensions:29x21x1,2 cm
Author

, ,

Number and series

29, Biblioteca di Archeologia Medievale

Place of printing

Sesto Fiorentino (FI)

Year of printing

Typology

Book

Pages

208

Illustrations

illustrations in black and white and color

Binding

paperback

ISSN

ISBNs

e-ISBN

Language

English, Italian, summarized in English and Italian

Open Access

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under license Creative Commons Attribution - Non commercial - No derivative works 4.0 International.