The text takes into consideration the phenomenon of relations between the indigenous peoples of southern Italy and the Mycenaeans, focusing attention on some lesser known aspects. Specifically, we are dealing with the complex phenomena of acculturation that affected the indigenous populations during the Middle and Late Bronze Age, and which are to be related precisely to the intense relationships between them and the Mycenaeans. Starting from the research on the nature of the contacts and relations between the two different populations (important not only for the "economic" sphere but also for the cultural one in a broad sense), the demographic picture and the sequence of occupations affecting the area are reconstructed , taking into account the progressive complexification of the territorial and socio-political organization. The bulk of the research focuses on material culture, deepening the characteristics of indigenous ceramic production, and the diffusion of such materials in the Mycenaean area. Attention is directed above all to those testimonies capable of highlighting the symbolic universe and the proper meaning of the populations of the region.