The work presents the results of the archaeological investigations conducted between 1991 and 2007 by the Archaeological Superintendency of Ostia in the basilica identified with the early Christian cathedral of the city of Porto, under the scientific direction of Lidia Paroli, author of numerous studies in the field of late antiquity and early medieval archaeology, and by Mauro Maiorano, who coordinated the field research between 1997 and 2007. The work is among the most complete examples of extensive investigation according to the stratigraphic criteria of an early Christian building and has made it possible to recover important elements on the process of internal transformation of the basilican space in relation to liturgical practices, while offering food for thought on the characteristics of the surrounding residential fabric.
The first volume collects the stratigraphic and structural aspects and presents, with the contribution of specialists from various sectors, a very in-depth analysis of the context with the reconstruction of its complex evolution, in an excursus that from the Roman age reaches the phases of abandonment and to the rediscovery of the Basilica at the end of the XNUMXth century.
This volume contains the results of the study of the excavation finds of the Basilica entrusted to scholars specialized in the various fields. The most significant nucleus of materials from a typological and quantitative point of view is made up of the conspicuous collection of marble fragments, including capitals, column bases and shafts, decorative elements and minor furnishings - essential for the detailed reconstruction of the interiors of the building of cult – as well as funerary sculptures and epigraphs. These artifacts, examples of the richness of the decorative apparatuses put in place, offer, together with the numismatic finds, the sampling of the brick stamps, the ceramic and glass pottery and other objects of daily use, a concrete testimony of the centrality and vitality of this context from the Roman age to the medieval age.