Valle Sabbia and Lake Garda belong to two distinct hydrographic basins - respectively of Chiese and Sarca-Benaco - connected to each other not only by contiguity, but also because the lake, and in particular Salò, constituted for both the natural outlet towards the central eastern Po Valley and the Adriatic Sea. In this territory different political and administrative districts have succeeded over time, dictated, from time to time, by ethnic reasons - for Sabini and Benacenses between the Iron and Roman ages - or strategic military - in the case of the Longobard giudicaria of Sirmione. These bodies, superordinate with respect to the local communities, were discussed in the first volume of the "History of Salò and surroundings" - in which by "surroundings" we meant the territory dependent on the ancient parish church of Santa Maria (current Municipalities of Salò, Gardone Riviera and Roé Volciano). Between Prehistory and the Modern Age, the evolution of road infrastructures, settlements and businesses of the Roman age and the new institutions that arose during the Middle Ages were investigated: the ecclesiastical organization, castles and villages, districts that preceded the formation, in 1338, of the Brescia Riviera del Garda, which will later be called "Magnifica Patria". Themes for which, in addition to the rare documentary sources found in the archives of Brescia and Milan (in the local ones of the Riviera and of the Municipality of Salò documents from the 1336th century are preserved), the names of places and archaeological data have been systematically used. This second volume, on the other hand, outlines some events at the time of the "Magnifica Patria" (ca. 1796-1377), of which, in XNUMX, Salò managed to become the capital, then enjoying a wealth and a great splendor, especially among the second mid-fifteenth century and the end of the following.