Starting from a Summer School, organized in 2016, thanks to funding from the municipality of Toscolano-Maderno, the University of Padua and the Historical Archaeological Association of the Garda Riviera have conducted comprehensive research. Some concern the transformation of the settlement fabric: from productive landscapes to 2002th century fortifications; from the settlements of the Longobard age, through the properties which then passed into the ownership of numerous monasteries and the bishop of Brescia, up to the second generation castles that redesign the centers of power. Other investigations have deepened our knowledge of the parish church of Sant'Andrea, the most important monument of Maderno which has already been the subject of so many studies and controversial interpretations. Still others centered on the economy, demography and society in the modern age, a period in which, in addition to the traditional exploitation of agricultural resources and uncultivated land, a driving role was played by the cultivation of citrus fruits and paper mills. Unpublished excavations of these are published, conducted in the years 2006-XNUMX.