The conferences Archaeology and History of Peasantry are held in the Faculty of Arts of the University of the Basque Country in Vitoria-Gasteiz in the framework of the Research Project ‘Peasantry Agency and Sociopolitical Complexity in North-western Iberia in Medieval Ages’ funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
The main aim of these workshops is to analyze peasantries as historical subjects from a wide variety of thematic, disciplinary and chronological perspectives, in its social, economic and political dimensions.
Although during the 60s and 80s the peasantry had a central role in the social history of preindustrial societies of Europe, in recent decades this role has been progressively diluted. However, the impact of the 2007-2008 crisis, the emergence of an archeology of the peasantry and the renovation of theoretical frames have meant new developments on Social History. But discipline fragmentation limits the possibility to establish cross-cultural and transversal confrontation in order to promote new theoretical developments. The conferences ‘Archaeology of Peasantry’ are trying to fill this gap, creating platforms for discussion about preindustrial peasantries in Europe.
The problems which will be studied in this workshop are related, mainly, to the theoretical approaches with which the peasantry and its social and political agency are studied: agrarian production; the territorial articulation of rural landscapes; the processes of transformation of rural settlements, the forms of inequality within peasant communities, or the articulation of local societies as a space for integration between peasant communities and other external agents. In addition, special attention will be paid to the implications and the reasons why it is important to continue studying peasant societies nowadays.
The first seminar was held in Vitoria-Gasteiz in November 2018.